"Knee arthroscopy is a minimally invasive technique that allows orthopedic surgeons to assess - and in most cases, treat - a range of conditions affecting the knee joint.
During the procedure, the orthopedic surgeon makes small incisions or portals in the affected joint, and then inserts a tiny camera and fiber optics to light the interior space. Pictures obtained with the camera are then projected onto a screen in the operating suite.
Advantages of Knee Arthroscopy
The primary advantage afforded by arthroscopy is the ability to gain multiple views inside the joint. In the past, gaining access to some of these areas required an arthrotomy - a surgery in which an open incision was made - and dislocation of the patella or knee cap. "That procedure required additional trauma to the knee and carried the risk of additional injury to the joint," explains Dr. Cordasco.
In contrast, arthroscopic examination of the knee joint usually does little damage to surrounding soft tissues. While most orthopedic surgeons continue to rely on radiographs (x-rays) and MRI to provide important preliminary information, many agree that arthroscopy is the best diagnostic tool available.
"Arthroscopy offers pieces of information that the other tests don't," says Dr. Cordasco, "including that which is derived by probing the affected tissue. MRI is a wonderful tool to evaluate the structure of the soft tissues, but does not provide the tactile information acquired by probing the soft tissues and evaluating them with direct visual observation."
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Tophill Hospital conducts Minimally Invasive Arthroscope Surgery for the ACL, Meniscus: Knee Arthroscopy for ACL Reconstruction, Meniscal Repair, and Other Knee Problems.
“Knee arthroscopy is a minimally invasive technique that allows orthopedic surgeons to assess
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